Non-Proportional Reinsurance Solutions

Protect Your Business Against Catastrophic Losses

Non-Proportional Reinsurance Service

Our Non-Proportional Reinsurance Service offers insurers a strategic approach to managing catastrophic and high-severity risks. Unlike proportional reinsurance, which shares premiums and losses based on a fixed percentage, non-proportional reinsurance provides coverage for losses exceeding predefined thresholds. This service, including arrangements such as excess of loss and stop loss treaties, enables insurers to protect themselves from large and unexpected losses while retaining greater control over their risk portfolios. With LNG Insurance, insurers can leverage non-proportional reinsurance to enhance their financial stability, mitigate catastrophic exposures, and optimize their risk management strategies.

What is Non-Proportional Reinsurance?

Non-Proportional Reinsurance is a type of reinsurance arrangement where the reinsurer provides coverage for losses that exceed a predetermined threshold, typically referred to as the retention amount. Unlike proportional reinsurance, where premiums and losses are shared based on a fixed percentage, non-proportional reinsurance kicks in only when losses surpass the specified threshold. This type of reinsurance is designed to protect insurers against catastrophic or high-severity losses, providing an extra layer of financial security.

Key Features

Provides Coverage for Losses Exceeding a Predetermined Threshold

Non-proportional reinsurance offers protection for losses that exceed a predefined threshold, ensuring that the reinsurer only pays out when losses surpass this threshold. This threshold can be set based on the insurer’s risk appetite, exposure, and financial capacity.

Reinsurer Pays Only if Losses Exceed the Retention Amount

In non-proportional reinsurance, the reinsurer is responsible for covering losses only if they exceed the retention amount, which is the threshold set by the insurer. If losses fall below this threshold, the insurer retains full responsibility for managing and covering the losses.

When to Use

Non-Proportional Reinsurance is suitable for various situations and scenarios, including

Catastrophic Events

Non-proportional reinsurance is particularly beneficial for insurers facing exposure to catastrophic events, such as natural disasters or large-scale accidents. It provides a crucial layer of protection against the financial devastation caused by such events, ensuring the insurer’s solvency and operational continuity.

High-Severity Risks

Insurers dealing with high-severity risks, such as liability claims or large property damage, can benefit from non-proportional reinsurance. By transferring the risk of large losses to the reinsurer, insurers can better manage their exposure and protect their financial resources.

Risk Management Strategies

Non-proportional reinsurance is an essential component of comprehensive risk management strategies. It allows insurers to diversify their risk portfolios, mitigate potential losses, and optimize their capital utilization, thereby enhancing their overall financial stability and resilience.

In summary, non-proportional reinsurance serves as a vital risk management tool for insurers, providing protection against catastrophic and high-severity losses. By leveraging non-proportional reinsurance, insurers can safeguard their financial well-being, maintain operational continuity, and navigate challenging risk landscapes more effectively.

Benefits of Non-Proportional Reinsurance

Non-proportional reinsurance, also known as excess of loss reinsurance, provides numerous benefits to insurance companies. Let us elaborate on these benefits:

Catastrophic Protection – Protection Against Large, Unexpected Losses

Non-proportional reinsurance offers significant protection against large, unpredictable losses, such as those resulting from natural disasters (e.g. hurricanes, earthquakes, floods). Covering these losses that exceed a certain threshold, ensures that insurers are not overwhelmed by the financial impact of such catastrophic events.

Financial Stability – Provides Financial Security

By capping the maximum loss an insurer has to pay, non-proportional reinsurance provides the insurer offers financial stability and security. This protection allows insurers to maintain their financial health even in the face of severe losses, which is crucial for their long-term viability and the reputation of the company.

Enhances Capital Management

Insurers can better manage their capital by transferring the risk of large losses to reinsurer companies. This capital can then be used more effectively in times such as for growth opportunities or improving policyholder benefits.

Risk Management – Helps Insurers Manage High-Risk Scenarios

Non-proportional reinsurance allows insurers to handle high-risk scenarios more effectively. This can be done by mitigating the financial impact of significant claims of high amounts. It also enables insurers to underwrite policies with higher risks, expanding their market without compromising their financial stability.

Maintains Solvency

By limiting the insurer’s exposure to catastrophic events, non-proportional reinsurance helps in maintaining solvency. This is particularly important for regulatory compliance and maintaining trust among policyholders and investors.

Additional Benefits

Stabilizes Loss Experience

Non-proportional reinsurance can stabilize an insurer’s loss experience by absorbing the volatility associated with large claims. This stability is beneficial for accurate pricing and forecasting, leading to more reliable financial planning.

Improves Competitive Position

With the backing of reinsurance, insurers can offer more competitive products and premiums to other policyholders. This advantage can help them gain a larger market share while maintaining a robust risk management framework.

Facilitates Business Expansion

Insurers can confidently enter new markets or introduce new products knowing that their exposure to high losses is limited. This capacity for expansion is crucial for growth in a competitive industry like insurance.
In summary, non-proportional reinsurance provides comprehensive protection against catastrophic losses, contributes to financial stability, and enhances risk management capabilities. These benefits allow insurers to maintain solvency, stabilize their loss experience, improve their competitive position, and support business expansion.

How Non-Proportional Reinsurance Works

Here we detailed out the process of how non-proportional reinsurance works in a real world.

Process Overview

Assessment of Risk

The insurer evaluates its portfolio and determines the level of risk it is willing to retain versus the risk it wants to transfer to the reinsurer.

Selection of Retention Limit

The insurer sets a retention limit, which is the maximum amount of loss it will cover. Any loss exceeding this limit will be covered by the reinsurer.

Negotiation with Reinsurer:

The insurer negotiates terms and conditions with a reinsurer, including the retention limit, the maximum coverage, and the premium to be paid for the reinsurance.

Agreement and Policy Issuance

Once terms are agreed upon, a reinsurance contract is drafted and signed. The policy specifies the retention limit, the coverage limit, and any other relevant terms.

Claims Handling

In the event of a claim, the insurer pays the losses up to the retention limit. Losses exceeding this amount are claimed from the reinsurer.

Example Scenario

 Insurer Purchasing Excess of Loss Reinsurance for Property Insurance

  1. Assessment of Risk: An insurance company (Insurer A) has a portfolio of property insurance policies with potentially high exposure to natural disasters.
  2. Retention Limit: Insurer A decides it can retain up to ₹50,00,000 per event. Any loss above this will be covered by reinsurance.
  3. Negotiation with Reinsurer: Insurer A negotiates with a reinsurer to provide coverage for losses exceeding ₹50,00,000 up to ₹5,00,00,000. The reinsurance premium agreed upon is ₹10,00,000 per year.
  4. Agreement and Policy Issuance: A reinsurance contract is signed, detailing the retention limit of ₹50,00,000 and the coverage limit up to ₹5,00,00,000.
  5. Claims Handling: A natural disaster results in a total loss of ₹3,00,00,000 for Insurer A’s policyholders. In this case, Insurer A pays ₹50,00,000 (its retention limit) while the remaining ₹2,50,00,000 is claimed from the reinsurer.

Financial Flow: The money paid by both the insurer and reinsurer amounts to Insurer A’s Payment ₹50,00,000, Reinsurer’s Payment ₹2,50,00,000


Reinsurance Contract

Specifies terms, retention limit, coverage limit, premium, and other conditions are included in the contract and while drafting the reinsurance.

Risk Assessment Reports

The risk assessment reports outline a detailed analysis of the risks involved in the insured portfolio.

Claims Data

One of the most crucial documents is the historical data on claims to evaluate risk exposure.

Financial Statements

Documentation of financial health and solvency of the insurer to ensure both parties have the capacity to take on such responsibilities.

Actuarial Reports

Actuarial assessments to justify the retention limit and coverage sought are outlined in the Actuarial report.

Communication Records

All correspondence between the insurer and reinsurer regarding the negotiation and agreement are maintained in detail in the communication records to ensure there is no miscommunication.

Example Documentation Required

  1. Reinsurance Agreement: Formal contract with detailed terms and conditions of the reinsurance policy.
  2. Underwriting Information: Data on the insured properties, including values and locations and other details of the deed with witnesses is included in this document.
  3. Loss Experience Records: Historical claims data for similar risks and the proceedings of handling these risks.
  4. Financial Documents: Balance sheets, income statements, and solvency ratios are detailed in the financial documents.
  5. Risk Management Policies: Documentation of internal risk management practices and procedures of both companies are outlined in this part of the document.

By following these steps and ensuring proper documentation, insurers can effectively use non-proportional reinsurance to manage their risk exposure and maintain financial stability.

Types of Non-Proportional Reinsurance

Excess of Loss Reinsurance: Excess of Loss Reinsurance (XOL) is a type of non-proportional reinsurance where the reinsurer covers losses that exceed the insurer’s retention limit. The retention limit is the amount the insurer agrees to cover before the reinsurance kicks in. This type of reinsurance is typically used to protect against high-severity, low-frequency events such as natural disasters or large individual claims.

Benefits and Use Cases:

– Financial Protection: Shields the insurer from catastrophic losses that could threaten its financial stability.

– Capital Management: Frees up capital that would otherwise be reserved for potential large losses, allowing the insurer to invest in growth opportunities.

– Solvency Maintenance: Helps maintain regulatory solvency requirements by capping maximum loss exposure.

– Use Cases: Commonly used in property and casualty insurance to protect against large claims from events like earthquakes, hurricanes, and significant liability claims.

Stop Loss Reinsurance: Stop Loss Reinsurance is another type of non-proportional reinsurance where the reinsurer covers losses that exceed a certain aggregate limit within a specified period, usually a year. It is designed to protect the insurer’s overall loss experience rather than individual large claims.

Benefits and Use Cases:

– Loss Ratio Stabilization: Helps stabilize the insurer’s loss ratio by limiting the total losses in a given period.

– Budget Management: Provides better predictability and management of claims expenditure.

– Solvency Assurance: Ensures that the insurer remains solvent even in years with unusually high aggregate losses.

– Use Cases: Often used in health insurance, workers’ compensation, and other lines where the insurer seeks to cap its total annual losses.

Why Choose LNG Insurance for Non-Proportional Reinsurance?

– Extensive Experience: LNG Insurance has decades of experience specializing in non-proportional reinsurance solutions. Their expertise spans various industries and geographies.

– Knowledgeable Team: Comprises seasoned professionals with deep understanding of risk management and reinsurance markets.

– Innovative Solutions: LNG is known for innovative and effective reinsurance strategies tailored to meet specific client needs.

Client Success Stories

Here is a case study highlighting successful non-proportional reinsurance solutions provided by LNG insurance:

  1. Case Study 1: Property Insurer in India

Situation: A leading property insurer faced high exposure to natural disasters.

Solution: LNG Insurance provided an XOL reinsurance policy with a retention limit of ₹100,00,000 and coverage up to ₹10,00,00,000.

Outcome: The insurer managed to protect its financial stability during a major flood event, with LNG covering losses that exceeded the retention limit.

  1. Case Study 2: Health Insurer

Situation: A health insurance company was experiencing volatility in its loss ratios.

Solution: LNG Insurance implemented a Stop Loss reinsurance policy capping total annual losses at ₹50,00,00,000.

Outcome: The insurer achieved a stabilized loss ratio, improving financial predictability and profitability.

Client Success Stories

LNG Insurance is dedicated to delivering personalized and efficient reinsurance solutions:

Tailored Approach: LNG Insurance is deeply committed to comprehending each client’s specific risk profile and crafting solutions that are perfectly suited to their individual requirements.

Thorough Risk Evaluation: They carry out comprehensive risk assessments to devise reinsurance programs that offer the best possible protection and cost-effectiveness.

Client-Focused Service: LNG prioritizes the establishment of long-term partnerships with clients, providing continuous support and making necessary adjustments to reinsurance programs when needed. By capitalizing on LNG Insurance’s wealth of experience, proven track record, and dedication to customized solutions, insurers can effectively mitigate their risk exposure and attain financial stability through well-designed non-proportional reinsurance.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here are some commonly asked questions about reinsurance

1. What is Non-Proportional Reinsurance?

Non-Proportional Reinsurance, also referred to as excess of loss reinsurance, is a specific type of reinsurance contract in which the reinsurer agrees to indemnify the ceding company for losses that exceed a predetermined threshold, known as the retention limit. This type of reinsurance is different from proportional reinsurance, where the reinsurer shares a proportion of both premiums and losses.

In non-proportional reinsurance, the reinsurer only assumes liability for losses that surpass the specified retention amount, providing coverage for catastrophic or extraordinary claims. This arrangement offers the primary insurer protection against severe and unforeseen losses, allowing them to manage their exposure to large risks.

2. How does Non-Proportional Reinsurance differ from Proportional Reinsurance?

The main difference is in the risk-sharing mechanism for the insurer and the reinsurer:

     – Proportional Reinsurance: The reinsurer shares a fixed percentage of premiums and losses with the insurer. If the insurer writes a policy, the reinsurer takes on a portion of the premium and, correspondingly, a portion of any losses.

     – Non-Proportional Reinsurance: The reinsurer only pays when losses exceed a specified retention limit. The insurer retains losses up to this limit, and any losses above are covered by the reinsurer up to a predetermined cap. This arrangement protects the insurer from large individual or aggregate losses rather than sharing all losses proportionately.

3. What are the benefits of Non-Proportional Reinsurance?

Non-proportional reinsurance offers several benefits:

Catastrophic Protection: Protects against large, unexpected losses, such as those from natural disasters.

Financial Stability: Limits the insurer’s exposure to significant claims, ensuring financial security.

Risk Management: Helps manage high-risk scenarios and maintain solvency.

Loss Ratio Stabilization: Loss ratio stabilization provides better predictability and management of claims expenditure.

     – Capital Efficiency: Frees up capital that can be used for other business opportunities.

4. How do I know if Non-Proportional Reinsurance is right for my business?

To determine if Non-Proportional Reinsurance is suitable for your business, consider the following factors:

     – Risk Profile: Evaluate the nature and magnitude of risks your business is exposed to. If you face the potential for high-severity, low-frequency losses, non-proportional reinsurance might be beneficial.

     – Financial Capacity: Assess your financial capacity to retain losses up to a certain limit. If significant losses could threaten your solvency, non-proportional reinsurance can provide essential protection.

     – Regulatory Requirements: Consider any regulatory requirements for solvency and risk management. Non-proportional reinsurance can help meet these requirements.

     – Strategic Goals: Align the reinsurance strategy with your business objectives. If you aim to stabilize your loss ratio and free up capital for growth, non-proportional reinsurance can be a strategic fit.

     – Expert Consultation: Consult with reinsurance experts, such as LNG Insurance, to analyze your specific needs and develop a tailored reinsurance solution.

By addressing these questions and consulting with experienced reinsurance providers, you can make an informed decision about incorporating non-proportional reinsurance into your risk management strategy.

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